Courses After 10th

10th standard is a very important point in a student’s life. In India, it is usually after 10th that most students start thinking seriously about career, professional courses and other high stake decisions!

After 10th standard, a student has a handful of options available in front of him/her. Here are some main options available in front of them –

  • Pursue 11th and 12th PUC schooling
  • Take up a job
  • Pursue Diploma courses after 10th
  • Pursue ITI or Vocational courses after 10th

Taking up a job right after 10th is not something that I recommend to my readers! If you aren’t facing financial/other difficulties, you should continue education after completing 10th! So don’t run after a job right after 10th, unless it is unavoidable!

Because if you look to get hired after 10th, you’ll end up landing an entry level job with low salary. Otherwise you should try to land a Government job after 10th (Army, Navy, Railways etc).

After 10th, most students choose to continue schooling. They have three main streams to choose from (for 11th and 12th schooling). They are –

  • Arts
  • Commerce
  • Science

I think this is the best step one can take after 10th! Choosing the right stream and subjects can be tricky. But in the end, the effort will be truly worth it!

Students may use an aptitude test to choose an appropriate stream and select the right set of subjects. Apart from that, they may also seek help from parents, teachers or friends. A career counseling session with a qualified professional will also prove very beneficial!

In the end, a student must focus on his strengths, passion and interest. Based on these factors, he/she must select an appropriate stream after 10th!

Let us take a look at each stream. In the next sections, we will find out more details about each stream – subjects, curriculum and professional courses available after completing schooling.

Arts Stream: Subjects, Prospects & Professional Courses

There are four main education boards available in India. Students may choose a board that suits them best. The choice shall be made on the basis of difficulty level associated with the boards and aptitude of the student. The names of the education boards are-

  • CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education)
  • ICSE (Indian Certificate of Secondary Education)
  • IB (International Baccalaureate)
  • State Boards

IB is the toughest board among the above mentioned entries. It focuses on the concept of ‘how to learn’. Much emphasis is laid on ‘application of knowledge’ and ‘practical aspects’ of learning.

IB board is followed by ICSE board, when it comes to difficulty level. Then comes CBSE board. I think most of you are knowledgeable about this board. It functions under the Union Government of India. Difficulty level associated with this board is moderate.

Last comes State Boards. Each State in India has its own education board. It functions under the respective State Government of each state. Language of instruction (medium) in case of schools affiliated to such boards are- regional language and English.

Arts stream subjects

Some of the important subjects present in 11th and 12th Arts stream schooling are-

  • English
  • History
  • Geography
  • Political Science
  • Economics
  • Other literature subjects- Hindi, regional languages etc
  • Psychology
  • Music
  • Home Science
  • Physical Education
  • Public Administration
  • Mathematics
  • Computer Science
  • Fine Arts
  • Sociology

Note: Not all the subjects have been mentioned above. Many of the above mentioned subjects fall under the ‘optional subject’ category. Students have to select optional courses and form a ‘course combination’ to pursue throughout 11th and 12th. Professional courses after 12th and career, to an extent, depends upon this course combination.

Commerce Stream: Subjects, Prospects & Professional Courses

There are four main education boards available in India. Students may choose a board that suits them best. The choice shall be made on the basis of difficulty level associated with the boards and aptitude of the student. The names of the education boards are-

  • CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education)
  • ICSE (Indian Certificate of Secondary Education)
  • IB (International Baccalaureate)
  • State Boards

IB is the toughest board among the above mentioned entries. It focuses on the concept of ‘how to learn’. Much emphasis is laid on ‘application of knowledge’ and ‘practical aspects’ of learning.

IB board is followed by ICSE board, when it comes to difficulty level. Then comes CBSE board. I think most of you are knowledgeable about this board. It functions under the Union Government of India. Difficulty level associated with this board is moderate.

Last comes State Boards. Each State in India has its own education board. It functions under the respective State Government of each state. Language of instruction (medium) in case of schools affiliated to such boards are- regional language and English.

Commerce stream subjects

Let us take a look at some of the important subjects present in 11th and 12th standards of commerce stream-

  • Economics
  • English
  • Accountancy
  • Business Studies/Organisation of Commerce
  • Mathematics
  • Information Practices
  • Statistics

Note: Among the above mentioned subjects, the main ones are- Economics, English, Business Studies and Economics. Other subjects are optional ones. Availability of optional subject may vary from one educational board to another as well as from one state board to another. Few more optional subjects are- regional languages, physical education, multimedia, fine arts etc.

I highly suggest my readers to keep mathematics subject. Mathematics is one such subject that will come handy while pursuing professional courses like CA (Chartered Accountancy) training, CS (Company Secretaryship) training, Economics etc.

Science Stream: Subjects, Prospects & Professional Courses

There are four main education boards available in India. Students may choose a stream that suits them best. The choice shall be made on the basis of difficulty level associated with the boards and aptitude of the student. The names of the boards are-

  • CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education)
  • ICSE (Indian Certificate of Secondary Education)
  • IB (International Baccalaureate)
  • State Boards

IB is the toughest board among the above mentioned entries. It focuses on the concept of ‘how to learn’. Much emphasis is laid on ‘application of knowledge’ and ‘practical aspects’ of learning.

IB board is followed by ICSE board, when it comes to difficulty level. Then comes CBSE board. I think most of you are knowledgeable about this board. It functions under the Union Government of India. Difficulty level associated with this board is moderate.

Last comes State Boards. Each State in India has its own education board. It functions under the respective State Governments of each state. Language of instruction (medium) in case of schools affiliated to such boards are- regional language and English.

Science stream groups

When it comes to Science stream, there are two main groups within it. They are-

  • Biology Group (Physics, Chemistry and Biology as main subjects)
  • Mathematics Group (Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics subjects)

These groups, to an extent, ends up determining the career path of a student! A student may choose any one of the above mentioned groups or pursue both of them at the same time. The choice has to be made by the student.

The mathematics group is generally known as the A group and biology group is known as B group. Students pursuing both groups may identify themselves as AB group students.

Let us now focus on the important subjects present in science stream schooling.

Important subjects

  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Mathematics
  • Biology
  • English
  • Computer Science

Among the above mentioned subjects, Physics, Chemistry, English and Mathematics/Biology are compulsory subjects. Students have to choose an optional subject other than them. Usually, availability of such optional subjects may vary from one board to another and from one state board to another. Usually, the optional subjects are- computer science, Sanskrit, regional languages etc.

Courses after 12th Science (Maths)

1 Engineering Degree (B.E. or B.Tech.) courses

These academic programs are 4 years long. The course content is technical in nature. The academic program consists of classroom lectures and practical sessions.

Here are some of the notable B.E. or B.Tech. programs –

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Civil Engineering
  • Chemical Engineering
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Electronics Engineering
  • EC Engineering
  • IT Engineering
  • Production Engineering
  • Aeronautical Engineering
  • Textile Engineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Naval Architecture
  • Mining Engineering
  • Petroleum Engineering
  • IC Engineering
  • Food Processing and Technology
  • Power Engineering

2 Integrated Engineering programs

Integrated programs combine both Bachelor’s as well as Master’s Degree Engineering programs. The course duration is 5 years.

Examples of Integrated Engineering programs are –

  • B.E. + M.E. Mechanical Engineering
  • B.Tech. + M.Tech. Electrical Engineering
  • B.E. + MBA

3 Diploma in Engineering courses

Apart from Degree in Engineering, PCM students also have access to Diploma in Engineering programs. Diploma courses are 3 years long.

Some of the notable Diploma programs are –

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Civil Engineering
  • Chemical Engineering
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Electronics Engineering
  • EC Engineering
  • IT Engineering
  • Production Engineering
  • Aeronautical Engineering
  • Textile Engineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Naval Architecture
  • Mining Engineering
  • Petroleum Engineering
  • IC Engineering
  • Food Processing and Technology
  • Power Engineering

Note: After completing Diploma course, candidates may secure admission directly into the second year of B.E. or B.Tech. program! This scheme is known as lateral entry.

4 B.Arch.

Bachelor of Architecture is a very popular choice among PCM students. It is a 5 years long academic program. The academic program consists of classroom lectures and practical sessions.

If you want to become an Architect, this course will be of help to you!

5 B.Des. courses

B.Des. stands for Bachelor of Design. PCM students have wide variety of B.Des. courses to choose from. If you are creative and want your career to involve creativity, this academic program could be of help to you.

B.Des. programs are 4 years long. Some of the notable B.Des. courses are –

  • B.Des. Fashion Design
  • B.Des. Leather Design
  • B.Des. Apparel Design
  • B.Des. Textile Design
  • B.Des. Interior Design
  • B.Des. Product Design
  • B.Des. Accessory Design

vithika

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